Gynecological Services Q & A

What Are Fibroids?

Fibroids are benign tumors that are comprised of muscle fibers. They are often found in the wall of a uterus. Intramural fibroids occur along the inner wall of the uterus. Subserosal fibroids occur on the outside wall of the uterus. Submucosal fibroids grow beneath the lining of the uterine wall. Cervical fibroids occur along the neck or cervical area of the uterus. While fibroids are typically non-cancerous, they can become problematic if they grow too large. If you suffer from abnormally heavy or painful periods, make an appointment to check your gynecological health.

What Is a Myomectomy? 

A myomectomy is performed in one of three ways: in traditional open surgery, with a laparoscopic surgery, or with a hysteroscopic procedure. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are both minimally invasive surgeries with a quicker recovery time than a traditional surgery. In all variations of the procedure, the doctor reaches the uterus and surgically removes the fibroids. The recovery time varies between a few days for the minimally invasive procedures to up to six weeks for a traditional open surgery. The benefits of myomectomy are that in most cases, the procedure can be performed in a minimally invasive manner and it preserves the uterus so that pregnancy is still possible in the future.

What Is a Hysteroscopy?

A hysteroscopy is used to look inside a woman’s uterus to check for any abnormalities. The doctor uses a thin tool known as a hysteroscope which is gently inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope has a light and camera which allows the doctor to see the lining on a monitor. This can be done to determine the cause of abnormal bleeding, to see if a problem in the uterus is preventing pregnancy, to remove growths in the uterus such as fibroids or polyps, and occasionally to perform a biopsy, where a sample of the tissue is taken.

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